So far, over 200 different phytosterols are known to man. They are found in the fatty parts of plants and are a part of cell walls. From a chemical structure point of view, they resemble animal sterols, such as cholesterol.
Phytosterols are said to have a cholesterol-lowering effect on the human body. However, at the same time it can also be observed that when there are highly elevated levels of phytosterols in the blood, the risk of cardiovascular disease may increase.
- Lower cholesterol
May reduce the risk of:
- Cardiovascular diseases
Plant seeds (sunflower seeds, sesame seeds and pumpkin seeds), nuts (almonds, cashews and peanuts) and legumes (soy beans).
It should be noted that:
Phytosterols are added to some cholesterol-lowering foods, such as margarine, etc. These products are only intended for people with high levels of cholesterol. It’s important to point out that these products do not have the desired effect on everyone.
Recommendations for daily requirements have not yet been scientifically determined.
Phytochemicals should not be taken as isolated in tablets because this may cause undesirable side effects. The numerous other ingredients in food are most likely essential, in order that they can exert healthy effects on the body.